Euterpe Oleracea Mart. (Açaí) Reduces Oxidative Stress and Improves Energetic Metabolism in Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Rats
Maria Angelica Lourenço
Priscila Portugal dos Santos
Ana Angélica Fernandes
Paula Schmidt Azevedo Gaiolla
Marcos Ferreira Minicucci
Sergio Alberto Rupp Paiva
Bertha Furlan Polegato
Background: Euterpe oleracea Mart. (açaí) is a fruit with high antioxidant capacity and could be an adjuvant strategy to attenuate ischemia-reperfusion injury.
Objective: To evaluate the influence of açaí in global ischemia-reperfusion model in rats.
Methods: Wistar rats were assigned to 2 groups: Control (C: receiving standard chow; n = 9) and Açaí (A: receiving standard chow supplemented with 5% açaí; n = 10). After six weeks, the animals were subjected to the global ischemia-reperfusion protocol and an isolated heart study to evaluate left ventricular function. Level of significance adopted: 5%.
Results: There was no difference between the groups in initial body weight, final body weight and daily feed intake. Group A presented lower lipid hydroperoxide myocardial concentration and higher catalase activity, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase than group C. We also observed increased myocardial activity of β-hydroxyacyl coenzyme-A dehydrogenase, pyruvate dehydrogenase, citrate synthase, complex I, complex II and ATP synthase in the A group as well as lower activity of the lactate dehydrogenase and phosphofructokinase enzymes. The systolic function was similar between the groups, and the A group presented poorer diastolic function than the C group. We did not observe any difference between the groups in relation to myocardial infarction area, total and phosphorylated NF-κB, total and acetylated FOXO1, SIRT1 and Nrf-2 protein expression.
Conclusion: despite improving energy metabolism and attenuating oxidative stress, açai supplementation did not decrease the infarcted area or improve left ventricular function in the global ischemia-reperfusion model. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(1):78-86)
Keywords: Euterpe Olerácea; Oxidative Stress; Energy Metabolism; Chemical Reactions; Myocardial Ischemia; Myocardial Reperfusion Injury; Rats.